Top 5 first aid tips that everyone should know

When it comes to first aid, you don’t have to be an expert to be able to treat an assortment of injuries or issues.

Not sure that you know what to do in the case of minor injuries? Here are our top 5 first aid tips that everyone should know.

Cuts and scrapes

One of the most common injuries that can require first aid is a cut or scrape; this is particularly true if you are a parent. Simple grazes or minor cuts should be washed and dried however more severe cuts will require more attention.

Any bleeding needs to be tackled, to do this you need to pop a clean cloth over the wound and press down on it firmly. The bleeding should stop anywhere between 3 to 15 minutes.

After this it is important to apply an antibiotic cream to any broken skin and if required, pop a plaster or bandage over the wound.

Burns

Most of us have burnt ourselves at some point, and these injuries can be incredibly painful. The first thing that you should do in the case of a burn is to run it under cool running water, or cover it with a cold wet towel. You need to continue to do this until any pain subsides.

If the skin blisters, then you should cover these with a loose bandage to prevent infection.

Nosebleeds

One of the biggest mistakes when it comes to nosebleeds has to be the advice to lean backwards, instead you need to ensure that the patient leans forward. Whilst they do this you should pinch the lower end of the nose and continue this pressure for around 5 minutes without releasing.

Splinters

Whether the splinter comes in the form of wood or glass, it is important to ensure that the area is completely clean and wash with soap and water. Once you are sure that the area is clean you will need to use a pair of tweezers rubbed in antibacterial gel to remove the splinter.

If it is proving difficult to remove, then there is no harm leaving it for a day to see if it comes out on its own.

Eye trauma

If your child has been hit or poked in the eye, then you may notice that they are sensitive to light or perhaps suffering from blurry vision. When this happens you need to hold a cool, wet cloth over the area. If it doesn’t get any better, then you should head to the hospital to check that they don’t have a scratch or cut on the surface of their eye.

We should all take the time to understand the basics of first aid and ensure that we know what to do in the case of a minor emergency. If you are interested in learning more about more detailed first aid then it is important to attend a course so that you can learn all the relevant information.

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